Albert Einstein, the pioneer of the theory of relativity, one of the strongest pillars of Modern physics, is known to the world as the Genius German physicist who came up with the most famous equation, E=mc2.
Here are some very interesting facts about Albert Einstein.
Birth and Childhood
Source: The Journal
Einstein was born on 14th March 1879, in Ulm, in the German empire, to two Jewish parents, named Hermann Einstein & Pauline Einstein. Though his parents were Jewish by birth, it is said that they did not practice being Jews, so instead of naming him as “Abraham” following a custom of naming a child after his paternal grandfather, they named him “Albert” as “Abraham” was a typical Jewish name.
Soon, after his birth, within a year, the entire family moved to Munich where his father and uncle started a company dealing with electric equipment that worked on direct current.
When Einstein turned two he had a sister named Maria, on whose birth, Einstein asked, “Where are the wheels?“, expecting that his mother would be gifting him a toy.
An Interesting fact about Einstein is that during birth, he had an exceptionally large head, which later on returned to natural size. After his death, when his brain was preserved and researched, it was seen that his prefrontal cortex was extraordinary. Research also says that there were more glial cells in his brain that are required for synthesizing information.
Early Education and Anecdotes from his Growing Years
Einstein was a late bloomer. He started speaking only at the age of three. This caused a lot of anxiety for his parents but things turned out to be normal. He was sent to a catholic school while in Munich. At the age of 8 he went to the Luitpold Gymnasium school, this school was later renamed as the Albert Einstein Gymnasium.
At the age of 5, his father gifted him a magnetic compass needle, and he was so fascinated by the head of the needle always pointing to one direction, that he developed the curiosity for a wonder called “Science”. He is quoted as saying “I want to know how God created this world, I want to know his thoughts; the rest are details.”
He had a unique behavior of repeating sentences which were concluded later by researchers as a trait of Asperger’s Syndrome. That did not stop him from great academic performance. His teachers earlier did not report on any talent that they saw in him, but later as he grew, he displayed great mathematical ability. He grasped the concept of calculus at 12 years old and mastered it by 14 years of age.
At the age of 13, he also took great interest in philosophy and music. He could grasp deep subjects much to the astonishment of his tutor. He condemned the nature of school-based learning and the loss of freedom in the name of discipline. His violin playing skills and music was inspired by Bach, Beethoven, and Mozart. He even named his violin, “Lina”. In his old age, he confessed “I know that most joy in my life has come to me from my violin.”
Special Realization Moments in the Course of Important Events
Source: Scott H. Young
One interesting fact about Einstein is that he wrote his first essay named “On the Investigation of the State of the Ether in a Magnetic Field” at the age of 16.
This was precisely the time he moved to Italy with his family, owing to some pressing financial needs. Thereafter he had a few failures. He failed in the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School entrance exam in Zurich, that resulted in him attending the final year of high school at Aarau, Switzerland.
Though being a graduate from ETH, Switzerland later in 1900, he struggled to get a teaching job until 1902. He took up the job of a clerk at the Swiss Patent Office.
In 1905, which is famously known as the Annus Mirabilis, or the miraculous year, he published four papers including the ground-breaking e=mc*2 theory, in Annalen Der Physik, which was a German journal.
He was a man of strikingly original quotes. Few of his famous quotes in the course of his life’s discoveries and that which hovers around philosophy are
“Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is stupid.”
“We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.”
“Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new.”
“Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.”
“If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it well enough.”
For a man of such intellectual genius, it is an interesting fact to know that he had a very bad memory for names and dates.
Few of the interesting anecdotes from his life establish that his pre-occupied and beautiful mind was creating theories and analyzing them so much so that the mundane things became less important:
One day while returning back home, Einstein forgot his home’s address and took the help of the cab driver who knew where Professor Einstein resided. He simply requested him to drop him at Professor Einstein’s house. Once they reached and the cab driver came to know that his passenger was Einstein himself, he felt so delighted that he refused the taxi fare.
One more incident was about how Einstein was searching for his ticket on the bus because, during his journey, he forgot his destination.
He explained the Theory of Relatively hilariously by saying this: “Put your hand on a hot stove for a minute, and it seems like an hour. Sit with a pretty girl for an hour, and it seems like a minute. That’s relativity!”
Source: Daily Mail
Einstein’s first wife was Mileva Maric, and his marriage with her in 1903, was based on weird conditions like, she should never expect him to go out with her, they should abstain from any kind of intimacy and if the need for intimacy arises in any of them, either can refuse to offer it. He had also stated that she should stop talking as soon as he orders her to.
His second wife, Elsa Lowenthal, was his cousin. They started courting in 1912 and got married in 1919. Elsa passed away in 1936 because of heart and kidney conditions.
He had two sons, Hans and Eduard, and a daughter named Lieserl from his first marriage. The daughter was born in 1902, before their marriage but her whereabouts after their marriage was unknown to the public.
Einstein passed away on 18th April 1955, because of abdominal internal bleeding. When the doctor suggested surgery, he said that he had lived his life by serving his share of knowledge and work in the field of Science and that he would want to not prolong it further.
Even his death stirs an interesting fact, that his brain was removed within seven and a half hours of his death for research by the pathologists of the Princeton Hospital, where he was admitted.
He was a true genius and truly lived by his quote “Logic will get you from A to Z; Imagination will get you everywhere.”